English | Italian

"Science News" (Theme) The lastest total: 100+. you can read with page flip.

show list
related videos
Alarm calling
Garage was in Fire.
More testeflies!! Baboon Islands
Bugs and Taz say Wake UP!
Stamford Swims Provides Free Lessons For Children
Sausage Dog -bullmastiff X
Continue »
Pop theme

ASEM Summit,Internet trolls,Ebola vaccine,Bharatiya Janata Party,NHS,Hannah Graham,Hurricane,Hong Kong protests,Palestine vote,Boko Haram

Related theme

study involved,researchers budongo,conservation field,station university

Science News

Science News 19/10/14

2013-10-17 02:44:13

Oct. 16, 2013 — Major research led by University of York scientists has discovered remarkable similarities between the production of vocalisations of wild chimpanzees and human language.

Dr Katie Slocombe and Dr Anne Schel, of the Department of Psychology at York, led the project in Uganda which examined the degree of intentionality wild chimpanzees have over their alarm calls.

The results of their research, which demonstrated that chimpanzee alarm calls show numerous hallmarks of intentional communication, is published in PLOS ONE.

Many scientists consider non-human primate vocalisations to be a simple read-out of emotion (e.g. alarm calls are just an expression of fear) and argue they are not produced intentionally, in sharp contrast to both human language and great ape gestural signals. This has led some scientists to suggest that

human language evolved from a primitive gestural communication system, rather than a vocal communication system.

The study challenges this view and shows that chimpanzees do not just alarm call because they are frightened of a predator; instead, they appear to produce certain alarm calls intentionally in a tactical and goal directed way.

In Uganda, the researchers presented wild chimpanzees with a moving snake model and monitored their vocal and behavioural responses. They found that the chimpanzees were more likely to produce alarm calls when close friends arrived in the vicinity. They looked at and monitored group members both before and during the production of calls and critically, they continued to call until all group members were safe from the predator. Together these behaviours indicate the calls are produced intentionally to warn others of the danger.

Dr Slocombe said: "These behaviours indicate that these alarm calls were produced intentionally to warn others of danger and thus the study shows a key similarity in the mechanisms involved in the production of chimpanzee vocalisations and human language.

"Our results demonstrate that certain vocalisations of our closest living relatives qualify as intentional signals, in a directly comparable way to many great ape gestures, indicating that language may have originated from a multimodal vocal-gestural communication system."

Dr Schel said "Observing the chimpanzees reacting to the snake model was intriguing. It was particularly striking when new individuals, who had not seen the snake yet, arrived in the area: if a chimpanzee who had actually seen the snake enjoyed a close friendship with this arriving individual, they would give alarm calls, warning their friend of the danger. It really seemed the chimpanzees directed their alarm calls at specific individuals."

The research team worked with wild chimpanzees at the Sonso field site of the Budongo Conservation Field Station in Budongo Forest Reserve in Uganda.

The study involved other researchers from Budongo Conservation Field Station, the University of Zurich, Harvard University, the University of Neuchâtel, and the University of St Andrews. The research was funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).

View Original Article: sciencedaily.com
Disclaimer statement: The point of this article or rights belongs to the authors and publishers. We take no responsibility for the content of this article and legitimacy.
Do you have any questions about this article, please contact the news source sciencedaily.com.
Or contact us


Write an article relevant this topic share on facebook share on twitter share on google plus share on oknews share on linkedin share on digg share on reddit share on newsvine share on pinterest share on netlog share on tumblr share on delicious send email print add to favorite

"Science News" IN THE COMMUNITY!



        No results related
      Share one Sentence

      Manage my submission

      [{"b":"b","i":"1253763","t":"Add comment","a":1},{"b":"b","i":"1253002","t":"KACST chapter wins awards for electronic warfare achievements","a":2},{"b":"b","i":"1252719","t":"Fundraiser to support programs for area youth at Mayslake Peabody Estate","a":3},{"b":"a","i":"1313308","t":"Northrop Grumman Engineers Mentor Students Competing in RobotX Unmanned Sea Battle","a":4},{"b":"a","i":"1313310","t":"Fundraiser to support programs for area youth at Mayslake Peabody Estate","a":5},{"b":"b","i":"1252004","t":"DOST distributes water filters","a":6},{"b":"a","i":"1312433","t":"Its 27sen for MAS minority shareholders or nothing, says economist - Yahoo News Malaysia","a":7},{"b":"a","i":"1312441","t":"PTYMS parents night","a":8},{"b":"a","i":"1311605","t":"PHOTO GALLERY: Lansdale Catholic hosts STEM fair featuring former astronaut Chris Ferguson","a":9},{"b":"a","i":"1311610","t":"First congressional district candidates debate on KWWL","a":10},{"b":"b","i":"1250711","t":"PHOTO GALLERY: Lansdale Catholic hosts STEM fair featuring former astronaut Chris Ferguson","a":11},{"b":"d","i":"944036","t":"OPINION: Debate on Australia's science and technology future and its relevance to Nepal","a":12},{"b":"d","i":"943968","t":"Teenagers push the boundaries of science","a":13},{"b":"a","i":"1310643","t":"Middle Tennessee students compete in robotics competition","a":14},{"b":"a","i":"1310647","t":"Enrollment up at University of Missouri campuses","a":15},{"b":"a","i":"1310650","t":"Cusat gets new VC; setback for Congress","a":16},{"b":"a","i":"1310651","t":"Centre to fund cultivation of aromatic plants in J&K","a":17},{"b":"a","i":"1310653","t":"Denver's Manual High School won't merge with East High","a":18},{"b":"c","i":"1871882","t":"Planner of Pop Concert Found Dead in South Korea","a":19},{"b":"b","i":"1249358","t":"Cato At Liberty","a":20},{"b":"a","i":"1309799","t":"South Korea K-Pop Concert Planner Found Dead After 16 Die","a":21},{"b":"a","i":"1309673","t":"Bonnie Henry: Civics test needs civil unrest component","a":22},{"b":"a","i":"1309682","t":"S. Korea concert planner found dead after 16 die","a":23},{"b":"a","i":"1309483","t":"Scientists Share What They Really Think Of Lockheed Martin's Fusion "Breakthrough" - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":24},{"b":"a","i":"1309234","t":"New Concepts for User Interaction in Gaming with SMI Gaze Tracking","a":25},{"b":"a","i":"1307885","t":"S. Korea concert planner dies after disaster","a":26},{"b":"a","i":"1307887","t":"Wolf is homecoming candidate at Missouri S&T","a":27},{"b":"a","i":"1307895","t":"STEM Program offers aviation training to CCSD students","a":28},{"b":"a","i":"1307748","t":"PHOTO GALLERY: Lansdale Catholic hosts STEM fair featuring former astronaut Chris Ferguson","a":29},{"b":"b","i":"1247046","t":"New Learning Lab Opens at 56th Street YWCA","a":30},{"b":"a","i":"1307269","t":"NIU event promotes the nation's high-paying, in-demand careers","a":31},{"b":"a","i":"1307094","t":"Episode 576: When Women Stopped Coding","a":32},{"b":"b","i":"1246094","t":"Bolton College's \u00a34.3 million STEM Centre opens","a":33},{"b":"d","i":"941459","t":"Mitsubishi Electric And Tohoku University Develop 5GHz\/60GHz Dual-Band Receiver Front-End Si-CMOS IC For Wireless ...","a":34},{"b":"a","i":"1306711","t":"U.S. temporarily halts funding for controversial virus research","a":35},{"b":"b","i":"1245864","t":"Arts & Entertainment SEE MORE","a":36},{"b":"d","i":"941125","t":"AT&T continues support of Innoventure program","a":37},{"b":"f","i":"1144366","t":"The biometrics revolution is already here \u2014 and you may not be ready for it.","a":38},{"b":"d","i":"940881","t":"Press Releases: U.S.-China Young Scientist Forum","a":39},{"b":"a","i":"1306195","t":"New Magnetic Mirror Created","a":40},{"b":"a","i":"1306212","t":"HCC speaker teachers STEM educators to inspire students","a":41},{"b":"d","i":"940635","t":"China publishes book on Ebola prevention","a":42},{"b":"a","i":"1305205","t":"Arkansas Business","a":43},{"b":"b","i":"1244251","t":"World's Thinnest Electric Generator Created","a":44},{"b":"b","i":"1243742","t":"Youth clubs to promote inventions ","a":45},{"b":"a","i":"1304461","t":"New West Campus center opens to mixed support","a":46},{"b":"a","i":"1304288","t":"Aerospace open house stretches its wings","a":47},{"b":"a","i":"1304289","t":"SNC contracted for U.S. military technology demonstrator satellite","a":48},{"b":"a","i":"1304292","t":"Embrace big data to educate Europe","a":49},{"b":"b","i":"1243208","t":"Youth clubs to promote inventions - Yahoo Maktoob News","a":50},{"b":"b","i":"1243081","t":"PHOTO GALLERY: Lansdale Catholic hosts STEM fair featuring former astronaut Chris Ferguson","a":51},{"b":"f","i":"1142008","t":"New pre-k program discussed by admin","a":52},{"b":"d","i":"939070","t":"RTI hires NCSU's Terri Lomax to lead science, tech discovery","a":53},{"b":"b","i":"1241980","t":"Youth clubs to promote inventions","a":54},{"b":"b","i":"1241700","t":"Report: Food and Ag Industries, Educational Institutions Need New Talent to Meet Demand in STEM Fields","a":55},{"b":"b","i":"1241296","t":"PHOTO GALLERY: Lansdale Catholic hosts STEM fair featuring former astronaut Chris Ferguson","a":56},{"b":"d","i":"937929","t":"China, Italy pitch for closer innovation cooperation","a":57},{"b":"b","i":"1240456","t":"Northrop Grumman Advances Cyber Research with University of Colorado","a":58},{"b":"b","i":"1240305","t":"Science Club for Girls (SCFG) Announces 2014 CATALYST Award Honorees, Celebrates 20th Anniversary","a":59},{"b":"b","i":"1239563","t":"Vimicro Announces $39.80 Million Contract Wins in Taiyuan City of Shanxi Province","a":60},{"b":"b","i":"1239522","t":"KhalifaSat heralds Emirati milestone: EIAST - Yahoo Maktoob News","a":61},{"b":"b","i":"1239417","t":"INX International Joins PantoneLIVE Accredited Partner Program","a":62},{"b":"d","i":"935194","t":"Emirati engineers complete KhalifaSat design","a":63},{"b":"d","i":"935076","t":"China's first ocean science innovation index launched","a":64},{"b":"b","i":"1236365","t":"Government of Canada announces new research projects to bring genomics solutions to industry challenges - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":65},{"b":"d","i":"934695","t":"How friends can make you 'fat'","a":66},{"b":"d","i":"934558","t":"Gujarat themed road shows held in South Korea","a":67},{"b":"d","i":"934511","t":"Boys' ball-throwing ability declines 6 metres in 50 years","a":68},{"b":"d","i":"934512","t":"Boy's ball-throwing ability declines 6 metres in 50 years","a":69},{"b":"b","i":"1235117","t":"President Mukherjee hopeful of conclusion of agreement between India, EFTA","a":70},{"b":"b","i":"1235118","t":"President Pranab Mukherjee invites Norwegian firms to join 'Make in India' campaign","a":71},{"b":"d","i":"933424","t":"UCSF-Developed Entrepreneurship Course for Life Scientists Launched by NIH","a":72},{"b":"d","i":"933186","t":"India, Norway sign MoUs to promote academic cooperation","a":73},{"b":"d","i":"932171","t":"4 Asiad gold medalists pay courtesy call on sports minister","a":74},{"b":"d","i":"931906","t":"NYU Supports Campaign to Train the Next Generation of STEM Teachers","a":75},{"b":"d","i":"930361","t":"Students Of Color Graduate At Twice The Rate That They Are Hired Into Tech Industry","a":76},{"b":"d","i":"930245","t":"Despite Tech Degree, Minorities Not Hired","a":77},{"b":"d","i":"930249","t":"Blacks and Hispanics Not Getting Hired For Tech Jobs \u2014 Even Those With Tech Degrees","a":78},{"b":"d","i":"930058","t":"600 municipalities to have free Internet next year","a":79},{"b":"d","i":"929107","t":"Elderly Japanese women at the top of their game: ministry","a":80},{"b":"c","i":"1861988","t":"Can't do math? Dance it out","a":81},{"b":"f","i":"1131007","t":"Tech Jobs: Minorities Have Degrees, But Don't Get Hired","a":82},{"b":"d","i":"927647","t":"Sci-Tech awards entries invited","a":83},{"b":"d","i":"927283","t":"Intel helps young women engage in STEM","a":84},{"b":"d","i":"927195","t":"6 die as Cyclone Hudhud uproots trees and light poles in India","a":85},{"b":"d","i":"925979","t":"Library wasn't on ed boss' tour","a":86},{"b":"d","i":"925083","t":"6 die in India's Cyclone Hudhud","a":87},{"b":"d","i":"925102","t":"Cyclone Hudhud reaches category 3 status","a":88},{"b":"d","i":"923833","t":"Residents moving to safer locations","a":89},{"b":"c","i":"1857664","t":"Chinese scientist arrested for swindling funds","a":90},{"b":"c","i":"1857665","t":"Chinese Scientist Arrested for Swindling Funds","a":91},{"b":"c","i":"1856642","t":"AP NewsBreak: Girl Scouts Membership Drops Sharply","a":92},{"b":"c","i":"1856325","t":"AndroidScript returns to Google Play Store: ad giant YIELDS TO THE MIGHT OF EL REG","a":93},{"b":"e","i":"519116","t":"The Spellbinding Beauty of Chemical Reactions Captured in Ultra HD Video","a":94},{"b":"e","i":"518348","t":"Iran refuses entry to member of IAEA staff; diplomats say he US nuclear arms expert","a":95},{"b":"b","i":"1234903","t":"Organization helps girls find science and tech opportunities","a":96},{"b":"f","i":"1122247","t":"Allied Minds' Subsidiary Spin Transfer Technologies Raises $70 Million to Accelerate Commercialization of its ...","a":97},{"b":"f","i":"1122177","t":"Allied Minds' Subsidiary Spin Transfer Technologies Raises $70 Million to Accelerate Commercialization of its ...","a":98},{"b":"b","i":"1233850","t":"CSIRO\u2019s new business savvy CEO","a":99},{"b":"b","i":"1233190","t":"STEM presentation given at Emporium club meeting","a":100}]


      Add comment