English | Italian

"To Prevent Rape on College..." (Theme) The lastest total: 100+. you can read with page flip.

close
show list
related videos
Nabeez'[Nabidh] was one of the drinks consumed by the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).
My husband eats, drinks, and breathes work. Why is he so consumed by it?
SHARING MY MEALS CONSUMED IN A DAY ALSO SHARING SOME DRINKS AND SNACKS TOO!
DaAiTV_DaAi Headlines_20130715
Soda-free Summer Campaign Launch - June 6, 2012.wmv
best ab exercise | New York City New York NY Manhattan 10007 | 10036 | abs exercise
Continue »
Pop theme

Attack Canada,Europe budget,Joko Widodo,Ebola vaccine,Bharatiya Janata Party,Oscar Pistorius,Dilma Rousseff,Jeffrey Fowle,Gough Whitlam,Zellweger

Related theme

To Prevent Rape on College Campuses, Focus on the Rapists, Not the Victims


consumed ve drinks

2013-10-16 23:49:49
We can prevent the most rapes on campus by putting our efforts toward finding and punishing perpetrators, not by warning their huge number of potential victims to skip out on parties.

Photo by Corepics VOF/Shutterstock

My colleague Emily Yoffe wrote inSlate today about the alarming frequency of a certain sad news story: “a young woman, sometimes only a girl, who goes to a party and ends up being raped.” Yoffe goes on to argue that parents, schools, and sexual assault prevention experts can help bring down the number of those incidents by telling young women to stop drinking so much. As a woman who once went to a party and ended up being raped—though that’s not my preferred grammatical structure I’d use to describe what happened—I’m also invested in preventing these types of assaults.

    No results related

    Add now

But Yoffe's approach strikes me as myopic.

Rape is a societal problem, not a self-help issue. Parents can tell their own daughters not to get drunk, but even if those women follow instructions, it won’t keep other people’s daughters safe. It will just force campus rapists who rely on alcohol to execute their crimes to find other targets. As Yoffe notes, the research of David Lisak suggests that most rapes are committed by a small group of predators who claim a large number of victims. We can prevent the most rapes on campus by putting our efforts toward finding and punishing those perpetrators, not by warning their huge number of potential victims to skip out on parties.

Peter Lake, the director of the Center for Excellence in Higher Education Law and Policy at Stetson University College of Law, told Yoffe that, in her words, “it is unrealistic to expect colleges will ever be great at catching and punishing sexual predators; that’s simply not their core mission. Colleges are supposed to be places where young people learn to be responsible for themselves.” Punishing rapists is not the “core mission” of any society, but it’s an important piece of the puzzle. That’s especially true for colleges, which are legally required under Title IX to not just catch and punish predators who operate in their institutions, but to also take serious action to prevent students from victimizing each other in the first place. Failing to do so directly affects the schools’ ability to focus on academics. To cite just one relevant case: In 2007, the University of Colorado at Boulder was compelled to pay out nearly $3 million to two women raped on its campus after a court ruled that the university "had an official policy of showing high-school football recruits a 'good time' on their visits to the CU campus," and failed to supervise the “players who served as hosts” despite having knowledge of at least one previous case of a high school student who was assaulted by the school’s recruits. Failing to address the culture that contributed to those assaults constituted "deliberate indifference."

Furthermore, while a striking number of college assaults occur while both victims and perpetrators are intoxicated, rape has been a popular tool for subjugating women long before they joined in the “butt-chugging” craze. According to the Department of Justice’s National Crime Victimization Survey—which surveys Americans ages 12 and older about crime they’ve experienced, whether or not they reported it to the authorities—rape has declined markedly in the United States since 1979, even as female binge drinking has risen. That suggests that something other than a youthful appetite for Jager bombs has shifted in this country—mainly, that women have made significant gains in educational attainment, economic independence, and sexual agency since the ‘70s. As public policy researchers Amy Farmer and Jill Tiefenthale note, intimate partner violence declines “as women’s alternatives outside their relationships improve” and they’re “able to achieve self-sufficiency in the long-run.” Interpreting Title IX to include sexual violence on campus as a form of discrimination against women didn’t hurt.

When it comes to equalizing the playing field, we still have a long way to go. The huge gains women have made in higher education over the past few decades—they now constitute 57 percent of undergraduate students—has not translated to them having dominance over the campus social scene. In 2012, Carolyn L. Hsu, an associate professor of sociology at Colgate University, conducted a study on campus binge drinking and found that heavy alcohol consumption “is a symbolic proxy for high status in college,” because it’s “what the most powerful, wealthy and happy students on campus do.” Hsu identifies “higher-status” groups on campus as “wealthy, male, white, heterosexual, and Greek affiliated undergraduates.” Yoffe writes that if "female college students start moderating their drinking as a way of looking out for their own self-interest—and looking out for your own self-interest should be a primary feminist principle—I hope their restraint trickles down to the men." But a "feminist" impulse for women to protect themselves by staying sober will not "trickle down" to boys, because they’re situated at the top of the social ladder. Booze may be a common accessory of powerful men on campus, but banning it won't rob them of their influence. We'll see real change on college campuses when we focus on dismantling the social structures that prioritize white, straight men and marginalize everyone else.

Colleges can start changing those structures by refusing to put the onus on victims to prevent their own assaults, and instead holding perpetrators accountable for the crimes they commit—often, while drunk. Wayne State University psychologist Antonia Abbey notes that one study of college date rapists found that 62 percent “felt they had committed rape because of their alcohol consumption.” They “believed that their intoxicated condition caused them to initially misperceive their partner’s degree of sexual interest and later allowed them to feel comfortable using force when the women’s lack of consent finally became clear to them.” Importantly, the rapists “did not see themselves as ‘real’ criminals because real criminals used weapons to assault strangers.”

This belief isn’t just shared among perpetrators; when you tweet that you are “warning young women that there are rapists who use alcohol, not violence,” you reinforce the idea that rape does not constitute a violent crime if alcohol is involved. Banishing that idea is central to preventing these crimes. Abbey suggests that in rape cases where the perpetrator has been drinking, alcohol can encourage him to prioritize his “immediate sexual arousal and anger” over the “potential risk of being accused of sexual assault.” Colleges could instruct men to not drink so much, but again, most keg-loving frat boys are not rapists. Colleges can help crack down on sexual assault, Abbey writes, by increasing the “risks” inherent in raping other people. “If the costs of sexual assault are obvious, undesirable and immediate, then intoxication-driven sexual assaults are less likely to occur because the potential perpetrator cannot forget about the likely, undesirable consequences. This suggests that colleges need strong, consistent, well-publicized policies that no one can ignore.”

I agree with Yoffe that excessive alcohol consumption is a problem on college campuses (as it is elsewhere) that can contribute to a variety of social ills: Disease, addiction, accidents, crime, even death. Singling out one gender of drinkers for alcohol education is counter-productive. It’s important to remember that our approach to sexual assault on college campuses won’t just influence the numbers of women who are victimized, and the percentage of perpetrators who are punished. Our approach will also affect the health and happiness of victims after the fact. Rape is damaging not just in a physical sense but also in a psychological one. It’s common among victims to internalize the crime and blame ourselves. As Gina Tron put it in her powerful Viceessay this year, “I got raped, then my problems started.” Telling women that they can evade rape by not drinking will only exacerbate that problem when it does happen, through no fault of their own. One victim of alcohol-assisted rape Yoffe spoke with said that she was overwhelmed with “shame and guilt” following the assault, and only began to come to terms with the crime when “I realized it wasn’t my fault.”  That realization felt like climbing out of a "deep, dark hole." Victims should never be put in that hole in the first place—no matter how many drinks they've consumed.

View Original Article: slate.com
Disclaimer statement: The point of this article or rights belongs to the authors and publishers. We take no responsibility for the content of this article and legitimacy.
Do you have any questions about this article, please contact the news source slate.com.
Or contact us

Share

Write an article relevant this topic share on facebook share on twitter share on google plus share on oknews share on linkedin share on digg share on reddit share on newsvine share on pinterest share on netlog share on tumblr share on delicious send email print add to favorite

"To Prevent Rape on College..." IN THE COMMUNITY!

Facebook
    Twitter

      PHOTO

        No results related
      Share one Sentence

      Manage my submission

      [{"b":"b","i":"1267412","t":"High Liner Foods to Host Conference Call on Friday, November 7, 2014 at 2:00 P.M. (ET) - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":1},{"b":"b","i":"1267419","t":"Budget Icelandic Airline WOW Air Launches \u00a399 Flights To US. Yes, Really.","a":2},{"b":"d","i":"955654","t":"Police arrest man in downtown Halifax after gun report","a":3},{"b":"d","i":"955656","t":"Heavy rain, possible flooding in store for N.B., N.S.","a":4},{"b":"a","i":"1328924","t":"Industry Icon, Dell\u2019s Maraschino Cherries Rebrands Company, Unveils New Company Logo, Product Labels and Website","a":5},{"b":"e","i":"528406","t":"Kristen Stewart Taking Time Off To 'Make Some Stuff With Her Hands'","a":6},{"b":"b","i":"1267348","t":"Mayo: Broward charter enrollment tops 40,000","a":7},{"b":"a","i":"1328889","t":"A Penny for Your Thoughts: News of Greater Falls Church","a":8},{"b":"b","i":"1267362","t":"Proto Labs Inc Earnings: Did the Market Overact to a "Disappointing" Quarter?","a":9},{"b":"b","i":"1267319","t":"Equifax Workforce Solutions ACA Management Platform Selected for 2014 Ventana Research Technology Innovation Award - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":10},{"b":"b","i":"1267326","t":"Elio Motors Passes First Review Phase for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing (ATVM) Loan - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":11},{"b":"b","i":"1267327","t":"Virtusa Honored With Stevie\u00ae Award for Human \n Resources Department of the Year","a":12},{"b":"b","i":"1267332","t":"Outsell Grows Client Base & Wins Industry Awards for Excellence in Automotive Marketing in Q3","a":13},{"b":"b","i":"1267333","t":"Ken Runkel Joins Vivaldi Partners Group","a":14},{"b":"b","i":"1267303","t":"Cutrale-Safra Submits Updated Definitive Offer To Chiquita Board Of $14.50 Per Share In Cash - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":15},{"b":"b","i":"1267304","t":"Quarterly Results, Transfer of Ownership, Technical Update, and Fall 2014 Report - Research Reports on Baker Hughes, Freeport-McMoRan, Cheniere Energy, Peabody Energy and Potash Corp\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tEditor Note: For more information about this release, p","a":16},{"b":"c","i":"1880794","t":"AWS Expands Its European Footprint With Frankfurt Data Center","a":17},{"b":"d","i":"955557","t":"CNN Student News - October 23, 2014","a":18},{"b":"a","i":"1328826","t":"Yatsenyuk: Russia may disrupt Ukraine\u2019s Sunday election","a":19},{"b":"d","i":"955548","t":"Obama administration misled Congress, freed immigrants with serious criminal charges","a":20},{"b":"d","i":"955549","t":"Death of at least 15 inmates in 5 years raises questions about medical care in NY's Rikers","a":21},{"b":"a","i":"1328800","t":"Nonprofit pays off education debts for US veterans","a":22},{"b":"a","i":"1328804","t":"Venari Resources Announces Third Major Oil Discovery - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":23},{"b":"a","i":"1328780","t":"Netflix Series From ‘Damages’ Creators Unveils Title, First Teaser: VIDEO","a":24},{"b":"d","i":"955513","t":"2014 Silver Bull of the Year","a":25},{"b":"d","i":"955514","t":"Kathryn Dillon Hogan Appointed to SVP, Compliance of Aspen University","a":26},{"b":"a","i":"1328786","t":"Brady Bunch: Season 1 : DVD Talk Review of the DVD Video","a":27},{"b":"a","i":"1328788","t":"Future Points to Healthcare IT as a Service","a":28},{"b":"a","i":"1328756","t":"Cantel Medical Named to the Forbes 2014 List of the "100 Best Small Companies in America"","a":29},{"b":"a","i":"1328771","t":"Daily Digest: Partial solar eclipse visible in Colorado Thursday, and 9 other stories","a":30},{"b":"a","i":"1328772","t":"As injury bug bites UFC, Neil Magny chases record at UFC 179 in Brazil","a":31},{"b":"d","i":"955493","t":"Agilysys Visual One\u2122 PMS Boosts Guest Service at Palm Garden Hotel","a":32},{"b":"d","i":"955498","t":"Oxford University opens cancer research institute","a":33},{"b":"b","i":"1267244","t":"Metabolic Solutions Development Company Appoints Robert L. Zerbe, MD to Board of Managers","a":34},{"b":"a","i":"1328740","t":"Officials dedicate memorial plaques to 2 Lower Merion police officers who died in the line of duty","a":35},{"b":"b","i":"1267236","t":"Zacks Industry Outlook Highlights: ArcelorMittal, United States Steel, Nucor and AK Steel Holding","a":36},{"b":"a","i":"1328730","t":"Sugar Bingo is celebrating Halloween with a special treat - RGT Online","a":37},{"b":"a","i":"1328732","t":"PokerStars launches MicroMillions 9 championship - RGT Online","a":38},{"b":"a","i":"1328698","t":"Tasktop Taps Simon Bodymore as Chief Financial Officer","a":39},{"b":"a","i":"1328704","t":"Lilly Misses Estimates as Patent Expirations Cut Sales","a":40},{"b":"a","i":"1328706","t":"Rock Creek Pharmaceuticals Announces Presentation of Four Anatabine Projects at Neuroscience 2014 - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":41},{"b":"a","i":"1328708","t":"Trinity Biotech Announces Quarter 3 Financial Results and Temporary Suspension of Meritas Troponin Trials - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":42},{"b":"a","i":"1328709","t":"Gap Inc. Continues to Expand Internationally With First Old Navy Stores in the Middle East - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":43},{"b":"a","i":"1328710","t":"Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. to Present Data for COPD Portfolio and Pipeline at CHEST 2014 - Yahoo India Finance","a":44},{"b":"d","i":"955413","t":"THE FRONT ROW with MARK NELKE, Oct. 23, 2014","a":45},{"b":"b","i":"1267173","t":"Today's Clickers","a":46},{"b":"b","i":"1267179","t":"Half Naked Driver Flips Car in Reykjav\u00edk","a":47},{"b":"a","i":"1328677","t":"Generex \/ Antigen Express to Participate in 2014 BIO-Europe\u00ae Annual International Partnering Conference - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":48},{"b":"a","i":"1328678","t":"FARO Invites You to Join Its Third Quarter 2014 Conference Call - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":49},{"b":"b","i":"1267152","t":"Detectives will not face charges over claims rape investigation was mishandled","a":50},{"b":"b","i":"1267153","t":"The Brazilian Colosseum","a":51},{"b":"a","i":"1328668","t":"Execupay Announces Collaboration with Sam\u2019s Club to Provide Full-Service Payroll and HR Solution - Yahoo India Finance","a":52},{"b":"a","i":"1328672","t":"NovaCentrix and nScrypt Team on FlexTech Alliance Contract for Advanced 3D Printing Tool","a":53},{"b":"d","i":"955378","t":"Gough Whitlam's lesson for today's politicians: Stand for something and get stuff done","a":54},{"b":"d","i":"955379","t":"Whitlam's China coup still resonates","a":55},{"b":"d","i":"955382","t":"Halcyon Software Announces New Security Product For Securing Exit Points","a":56},{"b":"b","i":"1267162","t":"Other stories from today:","a":57},{"b":"b","i":"1267127","t":"Top 10 most unbelievable excuses for calling in sick","a":58},{"b":"b","i":"1267129","t":"Kansas City Business infoZine","a":59},{"b":"b","i":"1267139","t":"Stabbed care home worker, 67, brands attacker a \u2018coward\u2019","a":60},{"b":"a","i":"1328643","t":"CompuCom Nabs Gold in CDN Channel Elite Awards - Yahoo India Finance","a":61},{"b":"a","i":"1328645","t":"Team from Virginia Department of Transportation Wins Statewide "Datathon" Using Tableau\r\n\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\t\tThe team was recognized for building interactive dashboards showcasing Virginia's resources for technology firms and jobseekers","a":62},{"b":"a","i":"1328650","t":"Nexenta Receives 2014 Business Intelligence Group Award for Business - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":63},{"b":"a","i":"1328657","t":"BizTimes accepts nominations for Health Care Heroes","a":64},{"b":"c","i":"1880707","t":"Hollywood Actress Reveals Plans for New Show About the Power of Prayer and Miracles (Plus: Do You Believe?)","a":65},{"b":"d","i":"955364","t":"Archroma to purchase BASF\'s textiles chemicals business","a":66},{"b":"a","i":"1328659","t":"PwC and Knowledge@Wharton High School to HostFifth Business and Financial Responsibility Training Seminar for High School Educators","a":67},{"b":"a","i":"1328661","t":"1ST Constitution Bancorp Announces Third Quarter Results - Yahoo Finance UK","a":68},{"b":"d","i":"955334","t":"Ebola Fears Prompt North Korea to Ban Tourists","a":69},{"b":"c","i":"1880698","t":"CNN analysis: Some college athletes play like adults, read like 5th-graders","a":70},{"b":"b","i":"1267104","t":"Boingo Wireless to Report Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results on Thursday, November 6, 2014 - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":71},{"b":"b","i":"1267105","t":"Old Republic Reports Results For The Third Quarter And First Nine Months Of 2014 - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":72},{"b":"b","i":"1267107","t":"SunGard Public Sector and Socrata Announce Strategic Engagement - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":73},{"b":"b","i":"1267108","t":"Ultratech Announces Third Quarter 2014 Results - Yahoo Finance Canada","a":74},{"b":"b","i":"1267109","t":"2014 Silver Bull of the Year - Yahoo Finance UK","a":75},{"b":"d","i":"955343","t":"General Steel Provides Update on Private Placement Offering","a":76},{"b":"b","i":"1267114","t":"Chembio to Host Conference Call to Discuss Third Quarter 2014 Financial Results - Yahoo7 Finance Australia","a":77},{"b":"d","i":"955348","t":"CardioKinetix Initiates Study in China of First-of-Its-Kind Parachute Device for Treatment of Heart Failure","a":78},{"b":"e","i":"528387","t":"Today in History for October 23rd","a":79},{"b":"b","i":"1267092","t":"Kristen Stewart to take a break from acting","a":80},{"b":"c","i":"1880689","t":"Poll: Joni Ernst, Bruce Braley in dead heat","a":81},{"b":"b","i":"1267073","t":"Edmonton couple wins $30 million lotto","a":82},{"b":"d","i":"955300","t":"Good Morning!","a":83},{"b":"b","i":"1267056","t":"Keek Joins Forces With JustJared.com as Official Video App of Its Halloween Party","a":84},{"b":"d","i":"955241","t":"Mercury General Corporation Announces Agreement to Acquire Workmen's Auto Insurance Company","a":85},{"b":"d","i":"955227","t":"iDreamSky Releases "Fruit Ninja for Tencent" on iOS","a":86},{"b":"d","i":"955197","t":"Hands-on with the Gionee GPad G5","a":87},{"b":"d","i":"955182","t":"Travelience Launches Online Professional Tour Guide Service for Tourists Traveling to Japan","a":88},{"b":"d","i":"955180","t":"General Officer Commanding briefs Jammu and Kashmir Governor N N Vohra about security situation","a":89},{"b":"c","i":"1880610","t":"Harry Potter sends Comcast's theme park revenue soaring","a":90},{"b":"c","i":"1880611","t":"Fire drives two from home on Gold Street","a":91},{"b":"e","i":"528352","t":"Help! Kids From Poorer Neighborhoods Keep Trick-or-Treating in Mine.","a":92},{"b":"c","i":"1880598","t":"Toll booths, and those kitschy shirts, harder to find","a":93},{"b":"c","i":"1880601","t":"Caterpillar Earnings Beat as Construction Demands","a":94},{"b":"c","i":"1880603","t":"Italy\u2019s BTP Italia Sale Raises Less Than Expected","a":95},{"b":"d","i":"955125","t":"Build-A-Bear Workshop, Inc. Reports Increased Sales and Earnings for the Third Quarter of Fiscal 2014","a":96},{"b":"c","i":"1880592","t":"KNOW IT ALL: Thursday's Top 7 Stories at NBC News - NBC News","a":97},{"b":"d","i":"955108","t":"Penn National Gaming Reports Third Quarter Revenue of $645.9 Million and Adjusted EBITDA of $65.7 Million, Inclusive ...","a":98},{"b":"c","i":"1880583","t":"Nurse on the front lines of Ebola paints devastating picture","a":99},{"b":"d","i":"955093","t":"MagnaChip to Supply LG Display with Ultra HDTV Display Driver ICs","a":100}]

      100

      High Liner Foods to Host Conference Call on Friday, November 7, 2014 at 2:00 P.M. (ET) - Yahoo Finance Canada