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ALBANIA

Location of  Albania  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.


This article is about the modern state. For other uses, see Albania (disambiguation). Republic of Albania Republika e Shqipërisë Flag Coat of arms Motto: (official) "You, Albania, give me honor, give me the name Albanian" Anthem:  Rreth flamurit te përbashkuar  Himni i Flamurit  (Albanian) United around the flag Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player. You can download the clip or download a player to play the clip in your browser. Location of  Albania  (green)

in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital and largest city Tirana 41°20′N 19°48′E / 41.333°N 19.800°E / 41.333; 19.800 Official languages Albaniana Ethnic groups 95% Albanian, 3-6%Greek 2% other (Aromanian, Macedonian etc.) Government Unitary parliamentary republic  -  President Bujar Nishani  -  Prime Minister Sali Berisha Legislature Parliament Formation  -  Principality of Arbër 1190   -  League of Lezhë 2 March 1444   -  Independent Albania 28 November 1912   -  Principality of Albania 29 July 1913   -  Current constitution 28 November 1998  Area  -  Total 28,748 km2 (143rd) 11,100 sq mi   -  Water (%) 4.7 Population  -  2011 census 2,821,977  -  Density 98.16/km2 (63rd) 254/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate  -  Total $26.110 billion  -  Per capita $9,231 GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate  -  Total $13.12 billion  -  Per capita $4,634 Gini (2005) 26.7 low HDI (2013)  0.749 high · 70th Currency Lek (ALL) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Date format dd.mm.yyyy Drives on the right Calling code 355 ISO 3166 code AL Internet TLD .al a. Greek, Vlach, Macedonian, and other regional languages are government-recognized minority languages.

Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.

Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organisation, and is one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania has been a potential candidate for accession to the European Union since January 2003 and it formally applied for EU membership on 28 April 2009.

The modern-day territory of Albania was at various points in history part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia (southern Illyricum), Macedonia (particularly Epirus Nova), and Moesia Superior. The modern Republic became independent after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in Europe following the Balkan Wars. Albania declared independence in 1912 (to be recognised in 1913), becoming a Principality, Republic, and Kingdom until being invaded by Italy in 1939, which formed Greater Albania, which in turn became a Nazi protectorate in 1943. In 1944, a socialist People's Republic was established under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour. In 1991, the Socialist Republic was dissolved and the Republic of Albania was established.

Albania is a parliamentary democracy with a transition economy. The capital, Tirana, is home to 600,000 of the country's 2,831,741 people. Tirana is also the financial capital of the country. Free-market reforms have opened the country to foreign investment, especially in the development of energy and transportation infrastructure. Albania was chosen as the No.1 Destination in Lonely Planet's list of ten top countries to visit for 2011.

Contents

1 Etymology and terminology 2 History 2.1 Ottoman Period 2.2 Era of Nationalism & League of Prizren 2.3 Independence 2.4 Communist Albania (1944–1992) 2.5 Contemporary Albania 3 Albanian state flag 4 Governance 4.1 Executive branch 4.2 Legislative branch 4.3 Armed forces 4.4 Administrative divisions 5 Geography 5.1 Climate 5.2 Flora and fauna 6 Economy 6.1 Tourism 7 Crime and Law Enforcement 8 Science and technology 9 Transport 9.1 Highways 9.2 Aviation 9.3 Railways 10 Demographics 10.1 Language 10.2 Religion 11 Culture 11.1 Music and folklore 11.2 Albanian language and literature 12 Education 13 Sport 14 Entertainment 15 Health 16 Cuisine 17 See also 18 Notes 19 References 20 External links
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Local News


Balkan folk music on tap Aug. 27 at Carmel Valley library

delmartimes.net2014-08-21 03:52:14Cache

Dromia will perform Balkan folk music on Aug. 27 at the Carmel Valley library. A special free family program of Balkan folk music, sponsored by the Friends of the Carmel Valley Library will be presented at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Aug. 27 in the library’s community room. The Dromia trio, formed in 2008, plays folk music from Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Turkey, as well as Roma (Gypsy) melodies from this region.

National Crime Agency data reveals human trafficking

newsletter.co.uk2014-08-20 10:19:07Cache

National Crime Agency figures reveal the extent of human trafficking in the UK. They show: :: A total of 566 possible cases of human trafficking were recorded in the UK between January and March this year.:: These include 258 adult women, 134 adult men, 102 girls and 72 boys.:: Most of the cases (512) were in England, with three in Northern Ireland, 36 in Scotland and 15 in Wales.

Romanian student wins silver medal in Balkan Olympiad in Informatics

nineoclock.ro2014-08-20 07:43:52Cache

Romanian student of Lugoj, Radu Szasz, won the silver medal in the Balkan Olympiad in Informatics, carried out over August 10-17, in Ankara, Turkey. Radu Szasz is a 12th grade student at ‘Coriolan Brediceanu’ National College of Lugoj and competed with the best students in informatics of 11 countries: Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Macedonia, the Republic of Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Turkey.

Capacity and Capital Expenditure Outlook for LNG Terminals in Europe - Russia to Drive the Development of LNG Export Infrastructure

researchmoz.us2014-08-12 08:00:00Cache

ope, Portugal 173.3.9 LNG Regasification Industry in Europe, Greece 183.3.10 LNG Regasification Industry in Europe, Sweden 183.3.11 LNG Regasification Industry in Europe, Albania 193.3.12 LNG Regasification Industry in Europe, Ukraine 193.3.13 LNG Regasification Industry in Europe, Estonia 203.3.14 LNG Regasification Industry in Europe, Lithuania 203.3.

France 24 - International news 24/7

france24.com

France 24 - International news 24/7

france24.com2014-08-06 00:11:43Cache

According to a report in Le Monde, doctors in the southeastern French city of Lyon said immigrants from countries such as Albania, Kosovo and Georgia with serious kidney problems were coming to France to gain access to the French health service while applying for asylum.

Couple Whose Dogs Killed Jogger In Court

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Couple Whose Dogs Killed Jogger In Court

yahoo.com2014-08-01 22:51:46Cache

A couple whose two dogs fatally mauled a jogger in the US state of Michigan have appeared in court charged with second-degree murder. Bail for Sebastiano Quagliata, 45, and Valbona Lucaj, 44, was set at $500,000 in Friday's arraignment at Lapeer District Court. The couple are also accused of possessing a dangerous animal causing death. They signed an agreement with prosecutors on Friday to have the animals euthanised.

Europe in push to stop violence against women

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Europe in push to stop violence against women

washingtonexaminer.com2014-08-01 11:15:53Cache

PARIS (AP) — The Council of Europe is taking new steps to combat violence against women under a newly ratified convention that comes into force Friday. Thirteen European states are committing themselves to better fight violence against women following the signature of the so-called "Istanbul Convention.

Europe in push to stop violence against women

denverpost.com2014-08-01 10:51:40Cache

PARIS (AP) — The Council of Europe is taking new steps to combat violence against women under a newly ratified convention that comes into force Friday. Thirteen European states are committing themselves to better fight violence against women following the signature of the so-called "Istanbul Convention.

Bankers Petroleum gold sponsor of the 3rd Balkans and the Adriatic Oil & Gas Summit

prweb.com2014-07-20 20:45:06Cache

(PRWEB UK) 20 July 2014 Bankers Petroleum, key player in the E&P sector of Balkans and operator of two of Europe’s largest onshore fields, Patos Marinza and Kuçova in Albania supports the initiative of the 3rd Balkans and the Adriatic Oil & Gas Summit by being gold sponsors. The summit, held by IRN for the 3rd consecutive year, is officially endorsed by the Ministry of Energy and Industry of Albania and the Ministry of Economy of Montenegro.

Microsoft Further Unifies Windows and Windows Phone Development

winsupersite.com

Microsoft Further Unifies Windows and Windows Phone Development

winsupersite.com2014-07-19 18:32:04Cache

Microsoft this week announced a set of developer-oriented initiatives that are part of the ongoing unification of the previously separate Windows 8.x and Windows Phone platforms. Key among them is a unified developer portal, 21 new payout markets, and an update to the Windows App Studio Beta.

TOPIC: Cheap Jordan Shoes Jordan Fire Red 5s What countries will be competin

hmi.gov.co2014-07-12 05:37:00Cache

What countries will be competing in the 2012 Olympics,Grape 5s There are 204 countries that are competing in Olympics for 2012 London.

Savory and Deli Foods Market in Albania: Databook to 2017

marketreportsstore.com2014-07-08 07:00:00Cache

Synopsis"Savory & Deli Foods Market in Albania: Databook to 2017" is the result of Canadean's extensive market research covering the Savory & Deli Foods market in Albania. The report presents detailed historic and forecast data on the Savory & Deli Foods consumption trends in Albania, offering consumption volume and value at market and category level.

American-Turkish consortium Bechtel-Enka signs Kosovo highway deal worth $820 million

foxnews.com2014-07-02 06:28:15Cache

PRISTINA, Kosovo –  Kosovo's Infrastructure Ministry says a $820 million deal has been signed with American-Turkish consortium Bechtel-Enka to build a 60 kilometer (37 miles) highway that will link Kosovo with Macedonia. The ministry said Tuesday work on the new highway will start on July 2. This is the second major contract awarded to the consortium in Kosovo after it won a $1 billion agreement in 2010 to build a highway linking Kosovo to Albania.

Global Juice Market to 2018 – Market Size, Growth, and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries

rnrmarketresearch.com2014-07-01 02:00:00Cache

This is a comprehensive publication that enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for juice.

Potential EU Expansion Angers Brits

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Potential EU Expansion Angers Brits

prweb.com2014-06-30 14:43:08Cache

(PRWEB UK) 30 June 2014 Pryce Warner International Group comment on an article published in the Telegraph on June 24th 2014... Albania recently made fantastic progress in its plight to become a member of the European Union (EU). 28 EU member states including the UK voted favourably for the Eastern European country’s candidacy to be formally recognised and inherently, for Albania’s eventual EU membership.

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