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ALBANIA

Location of  Albania  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.


This article is about the modern state. For other uses, see Albania (disambiguation). Republic of Albania Republika e Shqipërisë Flag Coat of arms Motto: (official) "You, Albania, give me honor, give me the name Albanian" Anthem:  Rreth flamurit te përbashkuar  Himni i Flamurit  (Albanian) United around the flag Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player. You can download the clip or download a player to play the clip in your browser. Location of  Albania  (green)

in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital and largest city Tirana 41°20′N 19°48′E / 41.333°N 19.800°E / 41.333; 19.800 Official languages Albaniana Ethnic groups 95% Albanian, 3-6%Greek 2% other (Aromanian, Macedonian etc.) Government Unitary parliamentary republic  -  President Bujar Nishani  -  Prime Minister Sali Berisha Legislature Parliament Formation  -  Principality of Arbër 1190   -  League of Lezhë 2 March 1444   -  Independent Albania 28 November 1912   -  Principality of Albania 29 July 1913   -  Current constitution 28 November 1998  Area  -  Total 28,748 km2 (143rd) 11,100 sq mi   -  Water (%) 4.7 Population  -  2011 census 2,821,977  -  Density 98.16/km2 (63rd) 254/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate  -  Total $26.110 billion  -  Per capita $9,231 GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate  -  Total $13.12 billion  -  Per capita $4,634 Gini (2005) 26.7 low HDI (2013)  0.749 high · 70th Currency Lek (ALL) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Date format dd.mm.yyyy Drives on the right Calling code 355 ISO 3166 code AL Internet TLD .al a. Greek, Vlach, Macedonian, and other regional languages are government-recognized minority languages.

Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.

Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organisation, and is one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania has been a potential candidate for accession to the European Union since January 2003 and it formally applied for EU membership on 28 April 2009.

The modern-day territory of Albania was at various points in history part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia (southern Illyricum), Macedonia (particularly Epirus Nova), and Moesia Superior. The modern Republic became independent after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in Europe following the Balkan Wars. Albania declared independence in 1912 (to be recognised in 1913), becoming a Principality, Republic, and Kingdom until being invaded by Italy in 1939, which formed Greater Albania, which in turn became a Nazi protectorate in 1943. In 1944, a socialist People's Republic was established under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour. In 1991, the Socialist Republic was dissolved and the Republic of Albania was established.

Albania is a parliamentary democracy with a transition economy. The capital, Tirana, is home to 600,000 of the country's 2,831,741 people. Tirana is also the financial capital of the country. Free-market reforms have opened the country to foreign investment, especially in the development of energy and transportation infrastructure. Albania was chosen as the No.1 Destination in Lonely Planet's list of ten top countries to visit for 2011.

Contents

1 Etymology and terminology 2 History 2.1 Ottoman Period 2.2 Era of Nationalism & League of Prizren 2.3 Independence 2.4 Communist Albania (1944–1992) 2.5 Contemporary Albania 3 Albanian state flag 4 Governance 4.1 Executive branch 4.2 Legislative branch 4.3 Armed forces 4.4 Administrative divisions 5 Geography 5.1 Climate 5.2 Flora and fauna 6 Economy 6.1 Tourism 7 Crime and Law Enforcement 8 Science and technology 9 Transport 9.1 Highways 9.2 Aviation 9.3 Railways 10 Demographics 10.1 Language 10.2 Religion 11 Culture 11.1 Music and folklore 11.2 Albanian language and literature 12 Education 13 Sport 14 Entertainment 15 Health 16 Cuisine 17 See also 18 Notes 19 References 20 External links
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albeu.com

Albeu.com - Albanian needs the help of FBI to fight corruption

albeu.com2014-04-05 20:55:15Cache

Cooperation with US is crucial for empowering the Albanian justice system, therefore the presence of FBI for different trainings in Albania, would be a positive thing. Minister of Justice met with James M. Cole, deputy attorney general of US. Naco asked the US help by continuing the programs in justice through OPDAT, ICITAP, USAID.“We want the presence of FBI for mutual training and operational actions. This would help us achieve our objectives.

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hosted.ap.org2014-04-05 19:26:22Cache

ZAGREB, Croatia (AP) -- Police in Croatia say they have seized more than 800 kilograms (1,700 pounds) of marijuana smuggled over the Adriatic Sea from Albania in a fishing boat. Police said Saturday that the seizure on Friday is one of the biggest ever in the country. They say the drugs' value was estimated at some 1.3 million euros ($1.8 million). The statement says eight Croatian and two Bosnian citizens have been detained, while the boat owner from Albania remains at large.

Croatian Police Seize Drugs in Adriatic Sea

abcnews.com

Croatian Police Seize Drugs in Adriatic Sea

abcnews.go.com2014-04-05 17:51:33Cache

Police in Croatia say they have seized more than 800 kilograms (1,700 pounds) of marijuana smuggled over the Adriatic Sea from Albania in a fishing boat. Police said Saturday that the seizure on Friday is one of the biggest ever in the country. They say the drugs' value was estimated at some 1.3 million euros ($1.8 million). The statement says eight Croatian and two Bosnian citizens have been detained, while the boat owner from Albania remains at large.

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rt.com

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Published time: April 04, 2014 20:42 The notorious 'Yellow House' in northern Albania, where victims were supposedly taken to have their organs removed. A long-promised tribunal investigating organ harvesting by ethnic Albanians during the Kosovo-Serbia war will be set up next year. The verdicts will be read out in Pristina, but most witnesses will be interviewed in the Netherlands for protection reasons.

Albeu.com - Albanian needs the help of FBI to fight corruption

albeu.com

Albeu.com - Albanian needs the help of FBI to fight corruption

albeu.com2014-04-04 23:13:19Cache

Cooperation with US is crucial for empowering the Albanian justice system, therefore the presence of FBI for different trainings in Albania, would be a positive thing. Minister of Justice met with James M. Cole, deputy attorney general of US. Naco asked the US help by continuing the programs in justice through OPDAT, ICITAP, USAID.“We want the presence of FBI for mutual training and operational actions. This would help us achieve our objectives.

Albeu.com - Official, Ambassador Sequi leaves Albania

albeu.com

Albeu.com - Official, Ambassador Sequi leaves Albania

albeu.com2014-04-04 23:13:07Cache

The EU ambassador to Albania, Ettore Sequi will no longer work in Tirana. The EU delegation in Albania says in a press release that Mr. Sequi will work in the Foreign Ministry of Itali.“Ambassador Ettore Sequi will soon leave the EU delegation in Albania and head to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Rome. The high EU representative, Catherine Ashton and the EU commissioner for Enlargement Stefan Fule thank Mr.

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nationaljournal.com

National Journal

nationaljournal.com2014-04-04 06:19:12Cache

More than 20 British marines reportedly have developed mysterious skin blisters following a 2013 drill near a former chemical-arms site in Albania. Several dozen of the Royal Marines involved in a September 2013 training exercise on Sazan Island had to seek medical help afterwards. Some troops suspect the skin blisters they developed are a sign of mustard-agent contamination, the Western Morning News reported on Wednesday.

Albeu.com - Arvizu: Albania remains a conservative society

albeu.com

Albeu.com - Arvizu: Albania remains a conservative society

albeu.com2014-04-03 18:49:51Cache

Albania remains a conservative society, where family is considered holy and very important. This is the message the US ambassador Alexander Arvizu gave during a conference in Tirana, and he also asked the judiciary system to respect all adoption procedures. “Many bright Albanians have said to me that they can’t imagine a mother leaving her own baby and I have replied that I know what that means.

Macedonia Press Review – April 3, 2014

balkaninsight.com

Macedonia Press Review – April 3, 2014

balkaninsight.com2014-04-03 12:19:45Cache

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chinadigitaltimes.net

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reuters.com2014-04-02 21:43:07Cache

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uefa.com

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