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ALBANIA

Location of  Albania  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.


This article is about the modern state. For other uses, see Albania (disambiguation). Republic of Albania Republika e Shqipërisë Flag Coat of arms Motto: (official) "You, Albania, give me honor, give me the name Albanian" Anthem:  Rreth flamurit te përbashkuar  Himni i Flamurit  (Albanian) United around the flag Sorry, your browser either has JavaScript disabled or does not have any supported player. You can download the clip or download a player to play the clip in your browser. Location of  Albania  (green)

in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital and largest city Tirana 41°20′N 19°48′E / 41.333°N 19.800°E / 41.333; 19.800 Official languages Albaniana Ethnic groups 95% Albanian, 3-6%Greek 2% other (Aromanian, Macedonian etc.) Government Unitary parliamentary republic  -  President Bujar Nishani  -  Prime Minister Sali Berisha Legislature Parliament Formation  -  Principality of Arbër 1190   -  League of Lezhë 2 March 1444   -  Independent Albania 28 November 1912   -  Principality of Albania 29 July 1913   -  Current constitution 28 November 1998  Area  -  Total 28,748 km2 (143rd) 11,100 sq mi   -  Water (%) 4.7 Population  -  2011 census 2,821,977  -  Density 98.16/km2 (63rd) 254/sq mi GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate  -  Total $26.110 billion  -  Per capita $9,231 GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate  -  Total $13.12 billion  -  Per capita $4,634 Gini (2005) 26.7 low HDI (2013)  0.749 high · 70th Currency Lek (ALL) Time zone CET (UTC+1)  -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Date format dd.mm.yyyy Drives on the right Calling code 355 ISO 3166 code AL Internet TLD .al a. Greek, Vlach, Macedonian, and other regional languages are government-recognized minority languages.

Albania (i/ælˈbeɪniə/ al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë; Albanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east, and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.

Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organisation, and is one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania has been a potential candidate for accession to the European Union since January 2003 and it formally applied for EU membership on 28 April 2009.

The modern-day territory of Albania was at various points in history part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia (southern Illyricum), Macedonia (particularly Epirus Nova), and Moesia Superior. The modern Republic became independent after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in Europe following the Balkan Wars. Albania declared independence in 1912 (to be recognised in 1913), becoming a Principality, Republic, and Kingdom until being invaded by Italy in 1939, which formed Greater Albania, which in turn became a Nazi protectorate in 1943. In 1944, a socialist People's Republic was established under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour. In 1991, the Socialist Republic was dissolved and the Republic of Albania was established.

Albania is a parliamentary democracy with a transition economy. The capital, Tirana, is home to 600,000 of the country's 2,831,741 people. Tirana is also the financial capital of the country. Free-market reforms have opened the country to foreign investment, especially in the development of energy and transportation infrastructure. Albania was chosen as the No.1 Destination in Lonely Planet's list of ten top countries to visit for 2011.

Contents

1 Etymology and terminology 2 History 2.1 Ottoman Period 2.2 Era of Nationalism & League of Prizren 2.3 Independence 2.4 Communist Albania (1944–1992) 2.5 Contemporary Albania 3 Albanian state flag 4 Governance 4.1 Executive branch 4.2 Legislative branch 4.3 Armed forces 4.4 Administrative divisions 5 Geography 5.1 Climate 5.2 Flora and fauna 6 Economy 6.1 Tourism 7 Crime and Law Enforcement 8 Science and technology 9 Transport 9.1 Highways 9.2 Aviation 9.3 Railways 10 Demographics 10.1 Language 10.2 Religion 11 Culture 11.1 Music and folklore 11.2 Albanian language and literature 12 Education 13 Sport 14 Entertainment 15 Health 16 Cuisine 17 See also 18 Notes 19 References 20 External links
Read more »

Local News


Ministries of Western Balkans to gather at the 3rd Balkans and the Adriatic Oil & Gas Summit

prweb.com2014-06-25 23:31:23Cache

London, United Kingdom (PRWEB UK) 25 June 2014 Recent announcements have shown to the public that the Governments of Croatia, Albania, Greece and Montenegro are determined to properly exploit their resources by launching new licensing rounds and inviting more international players to explore their land and waters for oil and gas.

Albanian village gains peace, loses livelihood as cannabis burns

reutersmedia.net

Albanian village gains peace, loses livelihood as cannabis burns

reuters.com2014-06-25 23:31:22Cache

By Benet Koleka LAZARAT Albania Fri Jun 20, 2014 3:39pm BST LAZARAT Albania (Reuters) - Albanian police declared victory on Friday over drug producers who for more than 15 years had run the southern village of Lazarat as a personal fief, churning out marijuana on an industrial scale untouched by the NATO member state.

Pope says first trip in Europe will be to Albania

reutersmedia.net

Pope says first trip in Europe will be to Albania

reuters.com2014-06-25 23:31:08Cache

VATICAN CITY Sun Jun 15, 2014 12:35pm BST VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Pope Francis said on Sunday his first trip to a European country would be to Albania in September to pay tribute to those who suffered under communism. He will make a day trip to Tirana, the capital of one of Europe's poorest countries, on September 21, he told pilgrims and tourists in St. Peter's Square.

EU sets Albania on road to membership

reutersmedia.net

EU sets Albania on road to membership

reuters.com2014-06-25 19:47:36Cache

BRUSSELS Tue Jun 24, 2014 11:57am BST BRUSSELS (Reuters) - The European Union set Albania on the road to membership on Tuesday, agreeing to give the small Balkan state the status of candidate to join in recognition of the government's recent reform efforts. Years of political polarisation have slowed democratic reforms in Albania and kept it behind some of its ex-Yugoslav peers. But a change of government last September opened the way for an EU-backed reform push.

Albania on course to join the EU

heraldscotland.com

Albania on course to join the EU

heraldscotland.com2014-06-25 05:01:50Cache

The European Union has set Albania on the road to membership, granting the small Balkan state the status of candidate to join the EU in recognition of recent reforms since a change of government last September. The EU warned the government that progress depends on further efforts. Years of political polarisation have slowed democratic reforms there.

EU grants Albania candidate status

xinhuanet.com2014-06-24 18:21:16Cache

BRUSSELS, June 24 (Xinhua) -- The European Union (EU) granted Albania candidate status Tuesday, setting the Balkan country on the path to membership of the regional bloc. "Congratulations on candidate status just agreed ... (It is an) acknowledgement of reform efforts, encouragement for more," EU Enlargement Commissioner Stefan Fule wrote on Twitter.

City of Athens to open air-conditioned spaces in view of heat wave

ekathimerini.com

City of Athens to open air-conditioned spaces in view of heat wave

ekathimerini.com2014-06-24 17:27:47Cache

More News Request for dismissal of magistrates probing GD rejectedEU sets Albania on road to membershipCity of Athens to open air-conditioned spaces in view of heat waveWWII grenade found in Siatista school courtyardTop tax collector in Greece faces task of restoring confidence Katerina Savvaidou, nominated Greeces top tax collector, has her job cut out for her. The Supreme Court lawyer, university lecturer and PricewaterhouseCoopers manager was named late last ni...

Albania expects EU to grant it candidate status to join the European bloc

foxnews.com2014-06-24 11:31:43Cache

TIRANA, Albania –  Albania is expecting the European Union to grant it candidate status Tuesday to join the bloc, after three rejections since 2009. The EU had postponed its decision in December, asking the country to show tangible results in fighting corruption and organized crime, and consolidating the rule of law. Prime Minister Edi Rama's Socialist party, which came to power in June 2013, has pledged to push for EU integration.

Albania Expects to Be Granted EU Candidate Status

abcnews.com

Albania Expects to Be Granted EU Candidate Status

abcnews.go.com2014-06-24 10:41:35Cache

Albania is expecting the European Union to grant it candidate status Tuesday to join the bloc, after three rejections since 2009. The EU had postponed its decision in December, asking the country to show tangible results in fighting corruption and organized crime, and consolidating the rule of law. Prime Minister Edi Rama's Socialist party, which came to power in June 2013, has pledged to push for EU integration. Candidate status doesn't mean automatic membership.

Pope says first trip in Europe will be to Albania

trbimg.com

Pope says first trip in Europe will be to Albania

feedsportal.com2014-06-22 13:33:46Cache

Pope Francis waves as he leads the Angelus prayer from the window of the Apostolic palace in Saint Peter's Square at the Vatican (Max Rossi Reuters,, REUTERS / June 15, 2014) Reuters 7:17 a.m. EDT, June 15, 2014 VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Pope Francis said on Sunday his first trip to a European country would be to Albania in September to pay tribute to those who suffered under communism.

Siege ends in Albania \'cannabis kingdom\'

sbs.com.au

Siege ends in Albania 'cannabis kingdom'

sbs.com.au2014-06-21 01:06:46Cache

Police have brought an Albanian village known as "cannabis kingdom" under their control after a five-day siege netting more than 25 tonnes of marijuana and dozens of heavy weapons. Launched on Monday, the siege of Lazarat was the first major operation in a decade to crack down on a village considered a safe haven for drug producers and traffickers.

gulftoday.ae | Siege ends in Albania ‘cannabis kingdom’

gulftoday.ae2014-06-21 00:21:54Cache

TIRANA: Police on Friday brought an Albanian village known as “cannabis kingdom” under their control after a five-day siege that netted more than 25 tonnes of marijuana and dozens of heavy weapons from traffickers.Launched on Monday, the siege of Lazarat was the first major operation in a decade to crack down on a village considered a safe haven for drug producers and traffickers.

Albanian police seize 10 tons of cannabis

morningstaronline.co.uk

Albanian police seize 10 tons of cannabis

morningstaronline.co.uk2014-06-19 17:22:00Cache

ALBANIAN police fighting a booming illegal cannabis industry in the village of Lazaret seized and destroyed more than 10 tons of the drug today. But the gangs which grow and traffic it have been using heavy weapons, including rocket-propelled grenades, mortars and machine guns to repel officers. Around 800 police backed by armoured vehicles were deployed around the village as clashes continued for a third day.

Albania seeks to bring law to Europe's pot capital

townnews.com

Albania seeks to bring law to Europe's pot capital

newspressnow.com2014-06-18 13:34:33Cache

LAZARAT, Albania (AP) — Plumes of pungent smoke rise above the small but prosperous southern Albanian village of Lazarat, while gunfire and the occasional rocket-propelled grenade or even mortar greet the police advance. This time, the country's authorities have vowed not to leave until the job is done: ridding Lazarat of drug gangs that have turned the village into Europe's largest illegal marijuana producer.

Albania Could Be Haven For Cannabis Smoking Backpackers On A Really Low Budget

anorak.co.uk

Albania Could Be Haven For Cannabis Smoking Backpackers On A Really Low Budget

anorak.co.uk2014-06-16 23:57:45Cache

by Anorak | 16th, June 2014 ALBANIA is not on the backpackers trail. But it soon will be. Maybe. Last week, Albanian special forces raided the marijuana-growing village of Lazarat, south of the capital Tirana. Gangs based in Lazarat are believed to produce about 900 metric tons of cannabis a year, worth about 4.5 billion euros ($6.1 billion) - roughly half the small Balkan country’s GDP. So.

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